SEWING REPAIRS - Continued
Darning. Holes or tears in survival kit textile components that do not exceed one inch in length may be darned
Mark a square or circle around the area to be darned. Ensure the marking clears all edges of
the damaged area by 1/4 inch.
Using the applicable sewing machine, move the material back and forth under the machine needle in a
manner which will allow the stitches to run with the warp or filling of the fabric until darning of the hole or
tear is completed.
Patching. A hole or tear in a textile component of a survival kit that exceeds one inch in length or one
inch in diameter shall be patched. However, the affected area must not extend into a seam and must be
located at a point which will allow the finished patch to be square or rectangular in shape. The patch shall
be applied on the outside of the applicable item only. Apply a patch as follows:
Place the reparable item on a repair table, smooth the fabric around the damaged area, and secure the
item to the table with pushpins. Do not pin the damaged area.
Mark a square or rectangle around the area to be patched and ensure that one side of the marked square
or rectangle is parallel to the warp or filling of the fabric.
Cut the damaged area fabric along the lines made in (2) above. Further cut the fabric diagonally at each
corner to allow a 1/2-inch foldback in the raw edges.
Make a 1/2-inch foldback on each raw edge, pin, and baste to complete the prepared hole.
Mark and cut a patch 2-1/2-inches wider and longer than the inside measurements of the prepared hole.
Ensure that one side of the patch material is marked and cut along the warp or filling of the fabric.
Center the cut patch material on the prepared hole and ensure the warp or filling of the patch material
matches the warp or filling of the fabric being patched. Pin the patch material in position.
Make a 1/2-inch fold under on each edge of the patch material and baste the patch material to the
Remove the pushpins securing the reparable item to the repair table and secure the patch by stitching,
using the applicable details in figure 2-1. Make the first row of stitching completely around the patch.
Turn the item over and make a second row of stitching around the prepared hole.