Section I. AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS
9-1. AIRCRAFT SYSTEMS.
This section describes the aircraft systems
emergencies that may reasonably be expected to
occur and presents the procedures to be followed.
Emergency procedures are given in checklist form
when applicable. A condensed version of these
procedures is in the Operator's and Crewmember's
operations of avionics equipment are covered when
appropriate in Chapter 3, Avionics, and are repeated
in this section only as safety of flight is affected.
9-2. IMMEDIATE ACTION EMERGENCY CHECKS.
Immediate action emergency items are
underlined for your reference and shall be committed
to memory. During an emergency, the checklist will
be called for to verify the memory steps performed
and to assist in completing any additional emergency
immediate action by the pilot.
The most important single
control. All procedures are
9-3. DEFINITION OF LANDING TERMS.
LANDING IMMEDIATELY is
defined as executing a landing without delay. (The
primary consideration is to assure the survival of
occupants. ) The term LAND AS SOON AS
POSSIBLE is defined as executing a landing at the
nearest suitable landing area without delay. The
term LAND AS SOON AS PRACTICABLE is defined
as executing a landing to the nearest suitable airfield.
9-4. AFTER EMERGENCY ACTION.
appropriate emergency actions have been taken, and
the aircraft is on the ground, an entry shall be made
in the remarks section of DA Form 2408-13
describing the malfunction.
9-5. EMERGENCY EXITS AND EQUIPMENT.
Emergency exits and equipment are shown
in figure 9-1.
9-6. EMERGENCY ENTRANCE.
Entry may be made through the cabin
emergency hatch. The hatch may be released by
placarded EMERGENCY EXIT-PULL HANDLE TO
RELEASE. The hatch is of the nonhinged plug type
which removes completely from the frame when the
latches are released. After the latches are released,
the hatch may be pushed in.
9-7. ENGINE MALFUNCTION.
Flight Characteristics Under Partial Power
characteristics during single-engine operation as long
as airspeed is maintained at or above minimum
control speed (Vmc) and power-off stall speeds. The
capability of the aircraft to climb or maintain level
flight depends on configuration, gross weight,
altitude, and free air temperature. Performance and
control will improve by feathering the propeller of the
inoperative engine, retracting the landing gear and
flaps, and establishing the appropriate single-engine
best rate-of-climb speed (Vyse). Minimum control
speed (Vmc) with flaps retracted is approximately 1
knot | higher than with flaps at takeoff (40%) position.
Engine Malfunction During And After
Takeoff The action to be taken in the event of an
engine malfunction during takeoff depends on
whether or not liftoff speed (V1of) has been attained.
If an engine fails immediately after liftoff, many
variables such as airspeed, runway remaining,
aircraft weight, altitude at time of engine failure, and
single-engine performance must be considered in
deciding whether it is safer to land or continue flight.
Engine Malfunction Before Liftoff (Abort). If
an engine fails and the aircraft has not accelerated